Using VR Therapy for Suicide Prevention Training in the Air Force
In November, the 317th Maintenance Group at Dyess Air Force Base in Texas became the latest Air Force unit to roll out a VR training program for suicide prevention and other soft skills, including in how to respond to disclosures of sexual assault.
“With scenario-based virtual training, learners practice tough conversations in simulated, real-world environments,” an Air Force statement notes, adding, “During the scenarios, learners practice new language and skills, reinforcing learning by speaking words out loud. When learners speak, characters in the experience respond to simulate the impact of how they use their words.”
In late September, the 6th ARW Integrated Resilience Team began offering VR training tools for airmen engaged in suicide prevention training. According to a press release, the training involved participants wearing VR headsets and “placed participants into a scenario in which they interact with a person who is in obvious emotional distress.” The aim of the course is to have each participant convince the distressed person, a virtual actor, to reach out for help.
The VR suicide prevention training built on tests the Air Force launched earlier this year with leaders from across the 60th Air Mobility Wing. According to The New York Times, Air Force officials said earlier this year that they intend to train at least 10,000 airmen with the program in 2021.
“The Airmen will react to your answers in the VR training and it shows where you are responding incorrectly,” Senior Master Sgt. Regina Dockens, the 317th Maintenance Group’s senior enlisted leader, said in the statement. “You can feel the Airman being defensive to your answers. By having these virtual responses, people can change their mindsets on how they can do better during the next situation.”
The training is designed to increase the learner’s awareness to warning signs, according to the Air Force, and instill “strategies to build resilience and composure, and to strengthen a person’s ability to verbally ask tough questions.”
“I feel like this training is important because PowerPoints aren’t always the greatest way going forward,” Staff Sgt. Tyler Hicks, the 317th Maintenance Group innovation team chief, explained, according to Nextgov. “We are hoping that this training makes people want to be more comfortable if and when they are engaged in a real-life scenario.”
VR for Therapy and Treating PTSD Takes Off in the Military
The Defense Department is using VR technology for more than just suicide prevention training. It’s being used by active-duty military personnel to help treat mental health issues.
“Military members are at elevated risk of operational stress injuries, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and moral injury,” a study published in the the National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine in 2020 notes. “Although psychotherapy can reduce symptoms, some military members may experience treatment-resistant PTSD. Multimodular motion-assisted memory desensitization and reconsolidation (3MDR) has been introduced as a virtual reality (VR) intervention for military members with PTSD related to military service.”
This type of therapy “incorporates exposure therapy, psychotherapy, eye movement desensitization and reconsolidation, VR, supportive counselling, and treadmill walking.”
For more than a decade, the Army has supported VR exposure therapy to help soldiers experiencing PTSD, first by funding research and then by expanding an initial program. The program, called UCF Restores, started at the University of Central Florida and uses VR exposure therapy to help treat soldiers who experience symptoms of PTSD, Colorado Public Radio reports.
In 2019, a $10 million grant allowed the clinic to create similar VR programs at Camp Lejeune, N.C.; Fort Gordon, Ga.; and the Naval Medical Center Portsmouth in Virginia.
Beyond developing scenes for more branches of the military, the clinic plans to create scenarios that could be used to treat first responders, survivors of mass shootings, and survivors of military sexual assault.
“VR therapy overcomes many of the shortcomings of imaginal exposure by providing external visual and auditory stimuli for the combat veteran, eliminating the need for intense imaginal skills,” a joint 2021 DOD and VA study notes. “Furthermore, VR therapy permits the combat veteran to interact with anxiety-inducing scenarios (e.g., combat, patrolling in a combat zone, driving in a Humvee, and providing medical care to a wounded Marine) in the safety and confidentiality of the therapy room.”